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Korean J Emerg Med Ser > Volume 25(3); 2021 > Article
The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services 2021;25(3): 127-143.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14408/KJEMS.2021.25.3.127    Published online December 31, 2021.
국내외 민간 방재조직의 특성에 관한 비교 분석
김보균1  , 이정혁2  , 채종식3 
1가천대학교 응급구조학과
2경기도 일산소방서
3강원대학교 방재전문대학원
Comparative study on characteristics of domestic and foreign civil anti-disaster organizations
Bo-Kyun Kim1  , Jeong-Hyeok Lee2  , Jong-Sik Chae3 
1Department of Emergency Medical Service, Gachon University
2Gyeonggi-do Ilsan Fire Station
3Department of Disaster Prevention, Kangwon National University
Correspondence  Jong-Sik Chae ,Tel: +82-33-570-6806, Fax: +82-33-570-6819, Email: Jefferson19@naver.com
Submitted: October 6, 2021  Accepted after revision: December 28, 2021
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of the study is to investigate the actual state of activity on domestic and foreign civil anti-disaster organizations, related suggestions, and development plans.
Methods
This study used the documentary survey research method and the technical approach method. Civil anti-disaster organizations’ information was derived from detailed scholarly monographs, specialty publications, and previous studies of master doctorate dissertation.
Results
Volunteer Fire Department and voluntary crime prevention groups show problems related to budgetary deficits and volunteer deficiency. In order to resolve these issues, laws must be enacted to guarantee interest and support. In addition, the Citizen Corps Active in Disaster (CAIND) organization requires a dedicated salary system to address the investment of its workforce and the cost of heavy equipment. Moreover, deficiencies were revealed regarding the lack of systems in support of occupational education and training. In conclusion, several weak points require close attention.
Conclusion
The results of this comparative analysis study about the domestic and foreign civil anti-disaster organizations provide insight into identity materialization and concept establishment.
Keywords: CAIND, Volunteer Fire Department, Citizen Volunteer Corps, Disaster prevention specialist, Fire brigade


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